top of page

Dandruff Demystified: Causes, Prevention, and Effective Solutions

Updated: Sep 6, 2023

Woman with curly hair smiling


Dandruff is a common scalp condition that affects people of all ages. While it's not a serious medical condition, it can be embarrassing and uncomfortable. If you've ever wondered about the causes of dandruff, how to prevent it, and the best ways to treat it, in this blog post, we'll explain dandruff and offer practical tips for managing it effectively.

Understanding Dandruff

Dandruff, scientifically known as pityriasis capitis, is a non-inflammatory scalp condition that results in the disturbance of the natural skin cell renewal. These skin cells cluster together and build up on the scalp and cause flaking. Dandruff can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  1. Malassezia: This fungus is naturally found on the scalp of most adults. However, in susceptible individuals, it can overgrow and lead to dandruff.

  2. Sebum production: Our natural sebum is a source of food for yeast and creates an environment where Malassezia thrives.

  3. Not Shampooing Enough: Contrary to popular belief dandruff will not be made worse by shampooing. If the hair and scalp are not shampooed frequently enough this can lead to a buildup of sebum, dead skin cells, and the microbes that contribute to dandruff.

  4. An unbalanced Diet: A diet rich in unhealthy fats, sugars and salty foods, dairy and some alcohols such as white wine, prosecco and champagne can trigger or exacerbate dandruff susceptible individuals .

  5. Adding oils to the scalp: Malassezia grows best in an environment that is rich in lipids (oils). Oils that remain on the scalp between shampooing will exacerbate the condition in susceptible individuals.

Prevention Tips Preventing dandruff is often a matter of maintaining a healthy scalp and good hair hygiene. Here are some preventative measures to consider:

  1. Regular Shampooing: Shampoo your scalp and hair regularly as this will help decrease the yeast, bacteria, sebum and remove the build-up of dead skin cells.

  2. Balanced Diet: A diet rich in nutrients, especially zinc, B vitamins, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin D can promote scalp health.

  3. Stress Management: Chronic stress can worsen dandruff. Practice stress reduction techniques such as yoga, meditation, or deep breathing exercises.

Effective Solutions If you already have dandruff, don't worry—there are effective solutions to help manage and reduce it:

  1. Anti-Dandruff Shampoos: Use specialized anti-dandruff shampoos as directed on the label. Be patient, as it may take a few weeks to see results. These contain ingredients such as Cade oil, piroctone Olamine and salicylic acid.

  2. Antimicrobial lotion: keeping the scalps microbiome balanced helps decrease the dandruff forming microbes.

  3. Exfoliating scalp cream: Will help to remove yeast, bacteria, sebum and the build-up of dead skin cells.

  4. Manage Stress: Stress can exacerbate dandruff. Incorporate stress management techniques into your daily routine.

  5. Consult a Trichologist: If dandruff persists despite trying various treatments, in its mildest form, it can be very easy to manage with the correct products. But for some individuals it can become a more severe scalp condition called Seborrheic Dermatitis. This requires a professional assessment and treatment plan.

Conclusion Dandruff may be a common scalp condition, but it doesn't have to control your life. With the right preventative measures and treatments, you can manage and reduce dandruff effectively. Remember that what works for one person may not work for another, so it may take some experimentation to find the best approach for your unique scalp and hair type.

CURLliD recommended products.

Pre shampoo scalp treatment: The Spencer Clinic Mild Scalp Cleansing Cream, will gently exfoliate the flakes from the scalp.

Post Shampoo Scalp Lotion: The Scalp Lotion is an antiseptic after shampoo lotion, designed to help with the management of scaly and itchy conditions such as Dandruff, Seborrheic Dermatitis/Eczema.

Anti Dandruff Shampoo: As I Am Dry & Itchy Olive Oil Tea Tree Shampoo relieve scalp itch, flaking and irritation associated with Seborrheic Dermatitis and dandruff.

46 views1 comment

Recent Posts

See All


Rated 0 out of 5 stars.
Couldn’t Load Comments
It looks like there was a technical problem. Try reconnecting or refreshing the page.
bottom of page