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What Causes Hair Loss?

Hair loss can be a deeply concerning issue for both women and men, affecting not only physical appearance but also emotional well-being. In this article, we delve into the intricacies of this common concern, exploring its various types, causes, and potential management strategies.



Curly haired woman sitting with hands in front of her face stressed

Types of Hair Loss: Unravelling the Patterns

  • Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA): More commonly known as male and female pattern hair loss, AGA is influenced by genetic factors and hormones. In men, it often manifests at varying degrees such as a receding hairline, diffuse thinning or total hair loss to the top of the scalp. While women may experience diffuse thinning to the mid-frontal and crown area.

  • Telogen Effluvium: This temporary hair loss condition results from a significant shock to the system, which interrupts the hair growth cycle resulting in excess shedding. The causes range from: childbirth, surgery, extreme stress, a calorie deficit, vitamin and mineral deficiencies and certain medications. This type of hair loss causes diffuse thinning throughout the scalp but does not lead to permanent hair loss.

  • Alopecia Areata: An autoimmune condition where the hair follicles lose immune privilege resulting in sudden hair loss in patches.

  • Scarring Alopecia: Is an autoimmune disorder that causes chronic inflammation which results in destruction of the hair follicle. This causes irreversible damage to the hair follicle, leading to hair loss and scarring in the affected area.

Genetics and Hair Loss: Unravelling the Genetic Code Genetics often play a pivotal role in determining susceptibility to hair loss. If your family has a history of androgenetic alopecia, you may be more prone to experiencing it yourself. Understanding your genetic predisposition can aid in early intervention and management. Factors Contributing to Hair Loss: Beyond Genetic Predisposition

  • Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in hormones, such as during puberty, pregnancy, menopause, or thyroid disorders, can contribute to hair loss.

  • Nutritional Deficiencies: Inadequate intake of essential nutrients like iron, zinc, and vitamins can impact hair health.

  • Stress: Chronic stress can trigger telogen effluvium, leading to hair shedding.

  • Medical Conditions: Conditions like lupus, diabetes, and certain fungal infections can contribute to hair loss.

Managing Hair Loss: Nurturing Your Locks

  • Nutritional Balance: Ensure a well-balanced diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and proteins as these are crucial for hair health.

  • Gentle Hair Care: Avoid excessive chemical treatments, heat styling and tight hairstyles that can put strain or affect the integrity of the hair follicle.

  • Medical Interventions: Minoxidil and finasteride are FDA-approved medications for managing androgenetic alopecia.

  • Topical Treatments: Prescription-strength corticosteroids and other topical medications can aid in specific cases.

Seeking Professional Guidance: When to Consult a Trichologist If you notice persistent or severe hair loss, consulting a Trichologist becomes crucial. Trichologists specialise in hair and scalp health and by conducting thorough assessments, they can help to identify the root cause of hair loss. Early intervention can significantly improve outcomes. Understanding the complex interplay of genetics, lifestyle, and health factors is key to addressing and managing hair loss. Our Trichological expertise is at your disposal, providing science-based insights and personalised recommendations for your unique hair journey. Remember, addressing hair loss is not a one-size-fits-all approach, and seeking professional guidance ensures a tailored plan for your specific needs. For more information about how we can help, head to our services page

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